Hiroshima and Nagasaki
After the death of Hitler and the surrender of Nazi Germany on 8 May 1945, the Second World War in Europe came to an end. In the East, however, the Pacific War rumbled on; despite Allied threats of "utter destruction", the Japanese army continued its fight against the UK, USA and China.
In the New Mexico desert on 16 July 1945, the research and development team behind the Manhattan Project successfully detonated an atomic device. Soon after, the decision was made to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, two highly industrial cities highly important to the Japanese war effort. Hiroshima also housed a large number of military facilities and Nagasaki was one of the biggest seaports in Japan.
"Little Boy", a uranium bomb, fell on Hiroshima on 6 August 1945; three days later a plutonium bomb named "Fat Man" was dropped on Nagasaki. Around 120,000 people are said to have been killed in the immediate aftermath of the bombings, and a similar number died in the months following, not only from radiation poisoning but also malnutrition and illness. Six days after "Fat Man" fell on Nagasaki, Japan surrendered.
From the archive we have brought together images related to the bombings, the Manhattan Project, the subsequent rebuilding of the cities as well as some more recent images of modern day Nagasaki and Hiroshima.