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Turkey: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938) set against the map of modern Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–10 November 1938) was an Ottoman and Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey.
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Turkey - Portrait of a Country
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1923 Founding of the Republic of Turkey - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 - 1938)
2023 - 100th anniversary of the founding of the Republic of Turkey.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk - founder of the Republic of Turkey.
10th November 2023 - 85th anniversary of his death.
2026 - 14th anniversary of his birth.
Mustafa Kemal Pasha was referred to as Mustafa Kemal Ataturk - father of the Turks - from 1934 and is considered the founder of the Republic of Turkey.
From 1923 to 1938 Ataturk was the first president of the modern republic, which emerged from the Ottoman Empire after the First World War. One of the most important principles of the republic was secularism, the separation of state and religion.
An important part of his reform program were fundamental steps towards equality between men and women.
2017 saw a turning point in Turkish history when
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan narrowly won a referendum to expand presidential powers. While opposition parties tried to challenge the referendum results, Erdogan supporters said that replacing the parliamentary system with an executive presidency would modernize the country.
Türkei - Länderportrait