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Maria Theresia / M. Meytens
Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia,
Vienna 13.5.1717 – ibid. 29.11.1780.
Painting, c. 1743, by Martin van Meytens t. Y....
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May 2017: 300 years since the birth of Maria Theresa
May 2017 marks 300 years since the birth of Maria Theresa (Austrian archduchess and Holy Roman Empress of the Habsburg Dynasty from 1740 to 1780; 13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780):
Maria Theresa was the only female head of the Habsburg Dynasty. She led vigorous reforms in Austria's foreign policy; her aim was to secure Habsburg dominion and to develop military and political capabilities to ensure that Austria would not fall behind the other European powers.