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Schl}ter, Andreas b. 1660 – d. 1714.
“Sterbender Krieger” (Dying Warriors),
Sculpture. ihe von 22 Masken sterbender From row of 22 masks of dying soldiers...
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Andreas Schlüter (1659 - 1714)
Andreas Schlüter, 1659 – c. June 1714,
German baroque sculptor and architect.
Schlüter was invited to Berlin in 1694, to work as court sculptor at the armory (Zeughaus) for Elector Frederick III. His sculpted decorations are a masterpiece of baroque expression and pathos. While the more visible reliefs on the outside had to praise fighting, the statues of dying warriors in the interior denounced war and gave an indication of his pacifist religious beliefs (he is said to have been a Mennonite). Travelling through Italy in 1696, he studied the work of masters like Michelangelo Buonarroti and Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
In 1713 Schlüter started to work for Tsar Peter the Great in Saint Petersburg, where he died of an illness after creating several designs. Together with Johann Friedrich Braunstein, he designed the Grand Palace and Monplaisir Palace in Peterhof Palace Complex. Also the city's oldest building, Kikin Hall, and the reliefs at the Summer Palace are attributed to him. This way he became an important figure of Petrine Baroque.