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Sigmund Freud, neurologist, founder of the psychoanalysis Freiberg (Moravia) 6.5.1856 – London 23.9.1939.

Sigmund, eight-year-old, with his father Jacob Freud.

Photograph,...
September 2019: 80 Years since the Death of Sigmund Freud
September 2019: 80 Years since the Death of Sigmund Freud.

Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud),
6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939,
Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

In creating psychoanalysis, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, establishing its central role in the analytic process.

Though in overall decline as a diagnostic and clinical practice, psychoanalysis remains influential within psychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy and across the humanities. As such, it continues to generate extensive and highly contested debate with regard to its therapeutic efficacy.
Nevertheless, Freud's work strongly influences contemporary Western thought and popular culture to this day.
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