The world-famous Nasca Lines, which have been part of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage since 1994, fascinated the scientists since their complete discovery in the 1920s and made the Nazca, apart from the Incas, a little better known than other cultures of pre-Hispanic South America. The Nasca lived until about 650 AD in the region of today's cities Nasca and Palpa at the south coast of Peru, mainly as farmers in the narrow oases of the rivers flowing down from the Andes. They also produced high-quality ceramics and textiles.
The meaning of the unique and magnificent lines is probably also to be seen in connection with the decline of the culture. The increasing lack of water made life more ans more difficult and the geoglyphs are now interpreted as processional routes as part of a fertility cult.